Although President Grover Cleveland vetoed an law proposing a literacy test for prospective immigrants, further restrictions on immigration continued to be added. Following the assassination of President William McKinley in by the anarchist Leon Czolgosz, xenophobia and hysteria about political radicalism led to the Anarchist Exclusion Act, which excluded would-be immigrants on the basis of their political beliefs.
In , immigration at Ellis Island reached its peak with 1,, immigrants arriving.
Making Immigrants into Criminals: Legal Processes of Criminalization in the Post-IIRIRA Era
That same year, Congress authorized the Dillingham Commission to investigate the origins and consequences of contemporary immigration. The Commission concluded that immigration from Southern and Eastern Europe posed a serious threat to American society and recommended that it be greatly curtailed in the future, proposing as the most efficacious remedy a literacy test similar to the one President Cleveland had vetoed in Industrialization and Expansion The first half of our analysis is focused on immigrant criminalization from the late s through the Obama administration, with an emphasis on immigration enforcement practices first engineered in the s.
We approach our analysis of the production of criminality of immigrants through the lens of legal violence Menjivar and Abrego , a concept designed to understand the immediate and long-term harmful effects that the immigration regime makes possible. Instead of narrowly focusing only on the physical injury of intentional acts to cause harm, this concept broadens the lens to include less visible sources of violence that reside in institutions and structures and without identifiable perpetrators or incidents to be tabulated.
This violence comes from structures, laws, institutions, and practices that, similar to acts of physical violence, leave indelible marks on individuals and produce social suffering. Immigrant criminalization has underpinned US immigration policy over the last several decades. The year , in particular, was a signal year in the process of criminalizing immigrants.
Immigration Argumentative Essay Sample
This solidity allows us to turn in our conclusion to some thoughts about the likely future of US immigration policy and practice under President Trump. Eliminate expedited removal and provide due process. Due process ensures basic fairness for individuals attempting to navigate complex laws and prevents law enforcement and presidents from abusing authority.
But most immigrants facing deportation do not have attorneys — and in the Trump administration, that even includes toddlers. In fact, one-third of deported immigrants never even see a judge: instead, the immigration officer serves as both prosecutor and jury.
Reject exclusionary policies based on race, religion and nationality. Raise the refugee cap. At a time when 70 million are displaced around the world, President Trump has abused his authority to lower the refugee cap for the United States, admitting just over 22, refugees in total last year. Affirm asylum protections. We should welcome those fleeing violence, not imprison them in cages. Expand legal immigration. America should welcome more legal immigration — done in the right way and consistent with our principles.
We should use targeted immigration as a tool to create jobs and businesses and grow our economy.
We should reflect our values, which means expanding family reunification and making it easier for relatives of citizens and green card holders to come to the United States. We should put American workers first by ensuring that workers already here get the first opportunity to fill any available positions.
And we should be transparent and data-driven in our immigration policies, using the best available information to identify true needs in the labor force and to address those needs in a way that incorporates the input of both workers and companies. Make it easier for those eligible for citizenship to naturalize. Today over 9 million green card holders are eligible to apply for citizenship but many have not chosen to naturalize due to unnecessary barriers, including the cost of applications, the complexity of the process, and administrative issues and backlogs.
Reduce the family reunification backlog. As many as 4 million immigrants who are otherwise eligible to come to the United States legally are prohibited because of by-country visa caps.maisonducalvet.com/les-corts-donde-conocer-gente.php
David Frum: How Much Immigration Is Too Much? - The Atlantic
My administration will redistribute unused visas to reduce this backlog and reunite more families with their loved ones. Repeal the 3- and year bars. The law currently requires a person unlawfully in the United States to depart the country for three or ten years before they can apply for legal status. Provide a fair and achievable pathway to citizenship. We should immediately reinstate the DACA program and protections for our Dreamers and their families.
But Dreamers have families and communities that are productive, longtime members of our American family and need protection too. Limit the penalties considered for status determinations.
Immigration And The Issue Of Immigration
Part of focusing on real threats means distinguishing between actual criminals and law-abiding immigrants. Create an Office of New Americans. We should provide English, civics, and employment-focused classes and training for immigrants who want to enroll, and work with faith groups and other community organizations to provide support services for refugees and asylees, providing the tools to make it easier for newcomers to integrate into their communities.
Migration has spiked around the world, the result of poverty, climate change, violence and injustice. Migrants have come to our country fleeing natural disasters or conflicts that forced them from their homes. In recent years, many have fled north from the Northern Triangle. We cannot fully address migration until we address its root causes.
Restore and increase aid. Step up efforts to address transnational crime.
A Warren administration will expand efforts to reduce corruption and improve the rule of law, investigate and prosecute human trafficking, employ targeted financial sanctions against drug kingpins and money launderers, and provide robust funding for efforts to counter gangs. Inform and protect those seeking refuge.